wæd, n.n: ford, shallow water, water that may be traversed; (poetic) a body of water, sea. (“wadd”)


A boy, having been pushed off London Bridge by cattle, is rescued by rivermen on the Thames. John Lydgate’s Lives of Saints Edmund and Fremund. England (Bury St Edmunds?), between 1461 and c. 1475. British Library, MS Yates Thompson 47, f. 94v. [bl.uk]


be-sencan, wk.v: to sink, plunge, submerge, drown. (“beh-sen-kan”)

Today is the Feast of St Clement. Read his story in my Wordhord Wednesday post on Patreon.

Further information from Kazutomo Karasawa’s The Old English Metrical Calendar (Menologium) (Cambridge, 2015):

þænne embe eahta niht / and feowerum   þætte fan Gode / besenctun on sægrund   sigefæstne wer, / on brime haran,   þe iu beorna fela / Clementes oft   clypiað to þearfe.

—The Old English Metrical Calendar (Menologium), lines 210b-214

Then it is after eight and four nights that people hostile to God drowned the victorious man on the seabed, in the grey sea, to whom many men often pray, in advance (of his feast), to Clement, as is needed.

—translation by K. Karasawa


Constantine and Methodius receiving the remains of Pope Clement I by the Black Sea. From The Menologion of Basil II (late 10th- or early 11th-century). Città del Vaticano, BAV, cod. Vat. gr. 1613, p. 204. [commons.wikimedia.org]


firigend-strēam, m.n: a mountain-stream, the ocean. (“fee-ree-yend-streh-am”)


From the British Library medieval manuscripts blog: Detail of a miniature of a siren from a Bestiary, with extracts from Gerald of Wales on Irish birds. England (Salisbury?), 2nd quarter of the 13th century. Harley 4751, f. 47v. The siren has seized a ship and destroyed its mast. One of the sailors is trying to close his ears to her horrible song.