hrōc, m.n: a rook, a raven, a jackdaw. (“hroak”)


A mother raven flies away from her nest of five white chicks. She will not recognise them until they have grown black feathers like their father. Richard of Fournival’s Bestiaire d’Amour. France (Lorraine/Metz), first quarter of 14th century. Bodleian Library, MS. Douce 308, f. 90r. []


lyft-floga, m.n: a flier in the air (a dragon). (“luft-flo-ga”)

This week’s Wordhord Wednesday post is on lyftfloga, the scary ‘sky-winger’ in Beowulf. Hear me read from the poem on the Wordhord Patreon page.


A colourful dragon flying over the sea. Jacob van Maerlant’s Der Naturen Bloeme. Flanders, c. 1350. Koninklijke Bibliotheek, KB, KA 16, f. 104r. []


līg-draca, m.n: a fire-drake, dragon vomiting flames. (“LEE-DRAH-kah”)

It’s St George’s Day. I couldn’t find a medieval George fighting a fire-breathing dragon, so I’ve included a bonus image.

0423 ligdraca

A miniature of George killing the dragon in the Legenda Aurea. Paris, 1382. British Library, MS Royal 19 B XVII, f. 109r. []

0423b ligdraca

Dragon in Peraldus’s Theological Miscellany. England, 3rd quarter of the 13th century. British Library, MS Harley 3244, f. 59r. []