ōga, m.n: the feeling which is excited in a person, terror, dread, horror, great fear; an object which excites fear, a terrible, horrible thing. (OH-ga / ˈoː-ga)

Medieval manuscript image of a four-faced devil pushing men in a flaming wheelbarrow.
Taymouth Hours. England (London?), 2nd quarter of 14th century. British Library, Yates Thompson 13, f. 139v. [bl.uk]


nīþ-gæst, m.n: a malicious, malignant demon / stranger / guest / foe). [NEETH-gast]

This week’s Wordhord Wednesday post is about peace-candles. Read it on Patreon.

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The Virgin Mary beats up a devil; an angel carrying a rescued soul observes. The Taymouth Hours. England (London?), 14th century. British Library, Yates Thompson 13, f. 155v. [bl.uk]


līg-draca, m.n: a fire-drake, dragon vomiting flames. (“LEE-DRAH-kah”)

It’s St George’s Day. I couldn’t find a medieval George fighting a fire-breathing dragon, so I’ve included a bonus image.

0423 ligdraca

A miniature of George killing the dragon in the Legenda Aurea. Paris, 1382. British Library, MS Royal 19 B XVII, f. 109r. [blogs.bl.uk]

0423b ligdraca

Dragon in Peraldus’s Theological Miscellany. England, 3rd quarter of the 13th century. British Library, MS Harley 3244, f. 59r. [bl.uk]