corþer, f.n: band, multitude, company, troop, body, train, pomp. (“kor-ther”)
æðeling, m.n: son of a king, one of royal blood, a nobleman. (“ath-eh-leeng”)
August 29 is the Decollation (beheading) of John the Baptist. The saint is referred to as an æðeling in the Old English Menologium.
Swylce eac wide byð / eorlum geypped æþelinges deað / ymb feower niht, se þe fægere iu / mid wætere oferwearp wuldres cynebearn, / wiga weorðlice.
– Old English Metrical Calendar (Menologium), lines 156b-160a
Likewise after four nights, the death of a nobleman is widely revealed to men, of the fighter who in the past fittingly and worthily sprinkled the royal Child of heaven with water.
– translation by Kazutomo Karasawa
K. Karasawa, The Old English Metrical Calendar (Menologium) (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2015)
ēstig, adj: gracious, bounteous. (“ess-tee”)
þēod-wīga, m.n: a mighty warrior. (“theh-ohd-wee-gah”)
hasu-pāda, m.n: one having a grey garment; a term applied to the eagle. (“ha-soo-pah-dah”)
wel-þungen, adj: well-thriven, able, good, excellent, honourable. (“well-thoong-en”)
Today is the wel-þungen feast of St Bartholomew. Bartholomew was one of Jesus’s 12 apostles and has also been identified as Nathaniel (or Nathanael).
From Kazutomo Karasawa, The Old English Metrical Calendar (Menologium) (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2015):
Karasawa says, “The feast [of St Bartholomew] is celebrated on 24 August, but in Anglo-Saxon England, the majority of people seem to have celebrated it on the 25th as the Menologium poet says.” (p. 115)
Þænne ealling byð / ymb tyn niht ϸæs tiid geweorðad / Bartholomeus in Brytene her, / wyrd welϸungen. (Menologium, lines 153b-56a)
Then always after ten nights, the feast of Bartholomew, the honourable event, is celebrated here in Britain. (trans. by K. Karasawa)
hās-swēge, adj: hoarse-sounding. (“hoss-sweh-yeh”)
wang-beard, m.n: a whisker. (“wong-beh-ard”)
wudu-blēd, f.n: a forest fruit. (“woo-doo-blehd”)
dæg-fæsten, n.n: a day’s fast. (“da-eh-fast-en”)