orc-þyrs, m.n: a demon of hell, monster of the infernal regions. (“ork-thirs”)
Image from British Library Medieval Manuscripts Blog: Detail of a bas-de-page scene showing a demon carrying souls to Hell in a wheelbarrow, from the ‘Taymouth Hours’, England (London?), second quarter of the 14th century, Yates Thompson MS 13, f. 139v.
ēoten, m.n: a giant: refers to Grendel but also to ancient inhabitants of Jutland. (“eh-o-ten”)
Map showing Jutland
dēmon, m.n: a demon, devil. (“deh-mon”)
The two weeks leading up to Halloween will feature monster words-of-the-day.
ent, m.n: a giant. (Yet another word Tolkien borrowed for Lord of the Rings)
Image: Treebeard, by Alan Lee. From the blog The Art of Alan Lee and John Howe.
fyrn-sceaða, m.n: an ancient enemy or fiend. (“firn-sheh-ath-ah”)
wuldor-geflogena, m.n: a fugitive from glory, an evil spirit.
wæter-egesa, m.n: water-terror.
Image: A siren from The Medieval Bestiary: ‘The siren is a deadly creature, half human, half bird or fish. Early sources say the siren is human (always female) from the head to the navel, and bird from the waist down. Later sources say that the siren is fish from the waist down, like a mermaid. They usually have wings. In some cases sirens are described as having both bird’s feet and a fish tail […]. Sirens charm men with their beautiful singing. Sailors who are attracted to the singing fall asleep; the sirens then attack the men and tear their flesh.’ Definitely sounds like a kind of wæter-egesa!
dēofol, m/n.n: the devil.
Image: The Devil riding Behemoth (Diabolus sedens super Beemoth)
Lambert of Saint-Omer, Liber Floridus. Marchiennes (?), ca. 1150-1170.
Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf. 1 Gud. lat., fol. 41v
þyrs, m.n: a giant, an enchanter, a demon. Describes Grendel.
twēo-mann, m.n: a creature about which it is doubtful whether it is human.