wād, n.n: woad (a plant much used for dyeing). (“wah-d”)
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Woad, a pigment made from the leaves of the plant Isatis tinctoria, or glastum (a.k.a. Asp of Jerusalem). [woad.org.uk]
weolcen-rēad, adj: scarlet, purple. (“way-ol-chen-ray-odd”)
The Luttrell Psalter. Northern England (Lincolnshire), 1325-1340. British Library, Add MS 42130, f. 145r. [bl.uk]
hasu-pāda, m.n: one having a grey garment; a term applied to the eagle. (“ha-soo-pah-dah”)
haswig-feðera, adj: having grey feathers, grey-feathered. (“has-wee-feh-theh-rah”)
scilfor, adj: yellow, of the colour of gold. (“shil-vor”)
Confusingly, not silver.
Glossed Exodus. England, 1st quarter of the 13th century. British Library, MS Burney 13, fol. 1. Source: British Library.
blēo-rēad, adj: blue-red, purple, myrtle-coloured. (“bleh-oh-reh-ad”)
Detail of St Nicholas in the Melisende Psalter. Jerusalem, 1131-1143. British Library, Egerton MS 1139, fol. 209r. Source: British Library.
blæc, adj: black, dark, swarthy. (“black”)
Book of Hours, Bruges (Belgium), c. 1480. Morgan Library, MS M.493, folios 18v and 19r. The Black Hours, one of a very few manuscripts on vellum that is dyed black. The illustration shows Whitsun, or Pentecost, the occasion of the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles and other followers of Christ, as described in Acts 2:1–31. Source: Morgan Library.
grēne, adj: green. (“greh-neh”)
Marginal dragon from image of St Catherine of Alexandria. Taddeo Crivelli. Italy, latter half of 15th century. Getty Museum, MS Ludwig IX 13, fol. 187v. Source: Getty Museum.
dun, adj: dun, brown or black coloured, dark. (“doon”)
A marginal boar wearing spectacles, seated before distaff on stand, holding cord to spindle with right front foot. Book of Hours. Belgium, possibly Brussels, c. 1475. Morgan Library, MS M.485 fol. 165v. Source: Morgan Library.
hǣwen, adj: blue, azure, purple, discoloured. (“ha-wen”)
The Medieval Bestiary: “When cranes have to sleep, one of them stands guard with a stone clutched in a claw; if the guard falls asleep the stone will fall and wake him.” Bodleian Library, MS. Bodley 764, fol. 62r. Source: The Medieval Bestiary.