un-holda, m.n: a fiend. (“un-hol-dah”)

Arundel 484, f.245

Miniature of a dead man and the devil. The soul was believed to exit the body through the mouth, so the devil is positioning himself for a timely catch. From Justinian’s Digestum Vetus with glossa ordinaria. France, S. (Toulouse?), c. 1300 – c. 1310. British Library, MS Arundel 484, fol. 245r. [British Library]


dwimor, n.n: an illusion, delusion, apparition; phantom. (“dwih-mor”)

Happy Halloween!


Image from British Library Medieval Manuscripts blog: Detail of an historiated initial ‘D'(ilexi) with a woman (Duchess Dionora?) with a skull for a face admiring herself in a hand mirror, with ‘Memento homo’ in a roundel at the left, at the beginning of the Office of the Dead, from a Book of Hours (‘The Hours of Dionara of Urbino’), central Italy (Florence or Mantua), c. 1480. British Library, MS Yates Thompson 7, f. 174r.