Winter-fylleþ, m.n: October. Lit. “winter full moon” because winter began on the first full moon of the month. (“win-ter-fil-leth”)

Further information from Kazutomo Karasawa’s The Old English Metrical Calendar (Menologium) (D. S. Brewer: Cambridge, 2015)

October on tun   us to genihte,

Winterfylleð,   swa hine wide cigð

igbuende   Engle and Seaxe,

weras mid wifum.

—The Old English Metrical Calendar (Menologium), lines 183-86

October comes to town for our abundance, or Winterfylleð, as the island-dwelling Angles and Saxons, men as well as women, widely call it. (trans. K. Karasawa)

According to Bede’s De temporum ratione, Winterfylleð is a composite name used by pre-Christian Anglo-Saxons consisting of ‘winter’ and ‘full moon’ because ‘winter began on the full moon of that month’. Karasawa points out that among Christian Anglo-Saxons, winter began on 7 November. (Karasawa, p. 119)


3 thoughts on “Winter-fylleþ

  1. Pingback: Old English months | Old English Wordhord

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