ēaster-ge-wuna, m.n: Easter custom, rite, or ritual. (AY-ah-stair-yeh-WUN-ah)
lamb, n.n: a lamb. (LAHMB)
æg, n.n: an egg. (“agg”) Happy Easter!
Learn about medieval Easter traditions in this great blog post by A Medievalist Errant: “Whatever the Church officially thought of celebrating the salvation of the world by tying people up in bed, it seems to have remained relatively discreet on the subject…”
dūfe-doppa, m.n: a pelican.
Image: Pelican in Bodleian Library, MS. Bodley 764, fol. 72.
Happy Easter! What do pelicans have to do with Easter?
The pelican represents Christ in medieval bestiaries.
The Medieval Bestiary website explains: ‘As young pelicans grow, they begin to strike their parents in the face with their beaks. Though the pelican has great love for its young, it strikes back and kills them. After three days, the mother pierces her side or her breast and lets her blood fall on the dead birds, and thus revives them. Some say it is the male pelican that kills the young and revives them with his blood.’
The allegory? ‘The pelican is Christ, who humanity struck by committing sin; the pelican cutting open its own breast represents Christ’s death on the cross, and the shedding of his blood to revive us.’
ēaster, n.n: Easter. April = month of festivities for Eāstre, goddess of the rising sun, Christian symbol for resurrection.
ǣfengereord, f.n: evening meal/supper: ‘he ϸwoh his ϸegna fet, 7 sæt mid him æt ϸæm æfengereordum’.
Image: Beginning of Reading for Holy Thursday, The Last Supper, Gospel Lectionary Manuscript, c. 1100. South West Germany, Egerton 809, f. 17r. The British Library, London.
drihtenlīc, adj: of the Lord: ‘on ϸæm drihtenlican Sunandæge he wæs to cinge ongyten ond gehered’
Image: The entry into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday, BL Royal MS. B VII. ‘The Queen Mary Psalter’, English, 1310-1320.
aweccan, str.v: to awake (from sleep or death): ‘on ϸæm Sæteres dæge he awehte Ladzarum of deaϸe’
Image: Toros Roslin, the most prominent master of the Armenian illuminated manuscript in the Middle Ages – ‘The Raising of Lazarus’ – c. 1250