Wēod-mōnaþ, m.n: August; literally “weed-month”. (“weh-ohd-mon-ath”)

                                        And ϸæs symle scriϸ

ymb seofon niht ϸæs   sumere gebrihted

Weodmonað on tun,   welhwær bringeð

Agustus   yrmenϸeodum

hlafmæssan dæg.

—The Old English Metrical Calendar (Menologium), lines 136b-40a

And then after seven nights, the summer-glorified Weodmonað always comes to town; everywhere August brings to mighty people Lammas Day. (trans. by K. Karasawa)

The Old English Martyrology says that August is called Weodmonað “because [weeds] most greatly grow in this month”.*

*Kazutomo Karasawa, The Old English Metrical Calendar (Menologium) (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2015), p. 111.


A calendar page for August in the Isabella Breviary. British Library, Additional 18851, fol. 5. See British Library post here.