here-toga, m.n: the leader of an army or of a people, a general.


Image: Alexander the Great, a very famous here-toga, slaying some seriously badass dragons.

From The History Blog: ‘Alexander became a chivalric hero in the Medieval romances and as such had several confrontations with fantastical creatures. In the French illuminated manuscript Le livre et la vraye hystoire du bon roy Alixandre (c. 1420-1425), […] he fights dragons with large emeralds embedded in their heads, dragon with ram horns and dragons with two heads, eight legs and multiple eyes on their torsos.’

sǣ, m.n: the sea.


Image: Alexander the Great surveys the ocean submerged in a glass diving bell. 15th century manuscript. Image from Cabinet Magazine article on pirates.

Daniel Heller-Roazen writes, ‘The Hellenistic Alexander Romance records how, having once come across a crab of monstrous proportions inside whose shell there lay seven pearls the likes of which no man had ever seen, the Macedonian monarch concluded that “they must originate in the inaccessible depths of the sea.” That thought immediately led him to another. “Then,” Alexander proudly recalled in an informative, if lengthy, letter to his mother, “I made a large iron cage, and inside the cage I placed a large glass jar, two feet wide, and I ordered a hole to be made in the bottom of the jar, big enough for a man’s hand to go through. My idea was to descend and find out what was on the floor of this sea.”’ (Quotations from Richard Stoneman’s translation (1991), The Greek Alexander Romance.)