wan-spēd, f.n: poverty, indigence. (WAHN-spade)
āþ-fultum, m.n: the support to an oath, i.e. the supporters of an oath, those who support one’s oath, who will swear for another as witnesses. (ATH-full-tum)
rīpan, str.v: to reap, cut corn; (metaphorically) to derive advantage. (REE-pahn)
This week’s Wordhord Wednesday post is on hawks, hoards and hall-joy. Read it on Patreon.
wrixl, f.n: change, alteration, vicissitude; alternation, exchange; interchange; what is given in return. (WRIX-ul)
clom, m.n: a band, bond, clasp, bandage, chain, prison. (KLOM)
niht-wacu, f.n: a night-watch. (NIHT-wah-koo)
ge-monian, wk.v: to admonish, exhort, remind. (yeh-MO-nee-yan)
The Toronto Dictionary of Old English: A to I is here!
Highlights include: in (‘in, on’), with ~11K occurrences; ic (‘I’), with ~45K occurrences; many ‘iron’ compounds starting with īsen/īsern/īren; igil (‘hedgehog’); and the ‘ever mysterious’ crux ?icge from Beowulf.
Big congrats to the DOE team at the University of Toronto!
wrenc-wīs, adj: unjust, unrighteous.
This week’s Wordhord Wednesday post is on the one victory-queen in Old English literature. Read it (and hear it) on Patreon.
cōfincel, n.n: a hand-mill. (KO-vin-chell)