hyrst, f.n: an ornament, a decoration, jewel, anything of value, trapping, equipment, armour, implement. (“hurst”)
A gold and garnet cloisonné strip from the Staffordshire Hoard, the largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold and silver metalwork yet found, most likely deposited in the 8th or 9th century, containing mostly artefacts from the 7th to early 8th centuries. [staffordshirehoard.org.uk]
tow-līc, adj: pertaining to weaving. (“toh-leech”)
For example, towlīc weorc is work pertaining to weaving.
cnyttan, wk.v: to tie, bind, knit. (“k-nut-tahn”)
Ic cnytte (“itch k-nut-teh”) means I knit.
Today’s word is for Sarah (@Takame).
It’s Goldgifa Week, which means some of the words are chosen by Wordhord patrons. Find out more at https://www.patreon.com/wordhord.
wull, f.n: wool. (“wool”)
Many thanks to Sarah (@Takame), my first gold-gifa, who chose this word!
Woman spinning in the Luttrell Psalter. England, 1325-1340. British Library, Add MS 42130, fol. 193r. [bl.uk]
flæðe-camb, m.n: a weaver’s comb. (“fla-theh-kahmb”)
Women weaving, spinning and combing flax. Miniature from the illuminated manuscripts of the treatise by Giovanni Boccaccio “The famous women”. 15th century. Found on Medievalists.net. Paris, Biblioteque Nationale, MS. Fr. 598, f. 70v. Thanks to @mwnciod for identifying.
I’m not a weaver, but I’m guessing the flæðe-camb is what the lady in blue is holding in her right hand. Correct me if I’m wrong, and please share if you have a better illustration.
wōþ-cræft, m.n: the art of poetry or song. (“wohth-craft”)
ge-scapennys, f.n: a creation, creating, formation. (“yeh-shap-en-nuss”)
The Creation of the Heavens, about 1360-70, Master of Jean de Mandeville. The J. Paul Getty Museum. From The Getty Iris.
marman-stān, m.n: marble, a piece of marble. (“mar-mahn-stahn”)
Throne of Elia (marble). Italian (San Nicola, Bari), c. 1100. Image from Web Gallery of Art.
orþanc-bend, m.n: a skilfully contrived band, a cunning bond. (“or-thank-bend”)
Anglo-Saxon gold finger ring (800-900), from the Victoria and Albert Museum: “In contrast to the garnet-set jewellery of the earlier Anglo-Saxon period, finger rings of the ninth century are rarely adorned with precious stones. The skills of the goldsmith are seen in this example, where the different techniques of filigree and granulation are combined to produce an elaborately decorated ring.”
sweord-wyrhta, m.n: a sword-wright, maker of swords, armourer. (“sweh-ord-wur-tah”)